Jonathan Simon, Positively Punitive: How the Inventor of Scientific Criminology Who Died at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century Continues to Haunt American Crime Control at the Beginning of the Twenty-First, 84 Tex. L. Rev. 2135 (2006)
The article presents a historical interpretation of changes in the penal system of the U.S. Penology is linked with incarceration rate outcomes. Rhetoric is considered in consistency with penalty themes and rehabilitation. The practice of positivist criminology is reflected when proponents viewed themselves as opposition to legal officials' crime control policy ideas.