This article outlines a methodology for addressing issues of structural discrimination in the context of hate crimes. Part I of this article explores how a systems approach can be used to identify issues of structural discrimination that perpetuate the U.S. government’s failure to respond to bias-motivated violence against vulnerable communities. Part II discusses the latent defects in the U.S. government’s documentation of hate crimes and efforts to combat hate crimes. Lastly, Part III introduces a holistic approach to address the U.S. government’s failure to adequately protect minority communities. This section outlines domestic and international strategies to ensure that the state is held accountable for failing to protect vulnerable communities.



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