Kristen Holmquist, Marjorie Shultz, Sheldon Zedeck, and David Oppenheimer,
Measuring Merit: The Shultz-ZedeckResearch on Law School Admissions, 63
J. Legal Educ.
Available at: http://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/facpubs/2280
Law schools profess a commitment to racial diversity both for the educational benefits diversity confers and for its contribution to the profession. But they admit students based on standards and practices that, while not discriminatory in a legal sense, undeniably favor white applicants. In practice, the Law School Admissions Test (LSAT) drives admissions decisions more than any other factor, despite the fact that it disproportionately disadvantages (and excludes) applicants of color. If it is true that racial diversity is crucial to quality legal education and to an effective legal profession-and we believe it is-then the right thing to do is to consider whether our current admissions practices can be changed for the better. This essay describes research that explored that question.