The standard example is that of Germany, whose economic and military might increased rapidly after unification in 1871, resulting in expansionist tendencies that were resisted by the status quo powers-France, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union.4 The basic strategic problem for the US is that it must yield to China as China's power increases, but it should not yield too much. Relatively minor incidents-America's accidental bombing of the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade in 1999 and China's capture of an American spy plane in 2001-provoked extreme public reactions in China.5 China's leaders have shown themselves willing to incite crowds to frenzies of nationalism in response to foreign policy challenges from Japan as well as those from the US.6 China has adopted an increasingly aggressive foreign policy among developing nations, where it has challenged the US in various ways.



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