John C. Yoo and Will Trachman,
Less than Bargained for: The Use of Force and the Declining Relevance of the United Nations, 5
Chi. J. Int'l L.
Available at: http://scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/facpubs/1264
It is argued that the United Nations charter no longer adequately addresses the security needs of nations under current conditions of non-state terrorist threats such as those experienced by the United States. Its constrictive character which was developed in order to prevent the use of force among nations & to preserve international peace through collective self-defense, is too slow in authorizing states' self-defense especially in insufficiently transparent "imminence" circumstances defined by unpredictable non-state terrorist actions. A proposal is offered redefining the UN as an information gathering & sharing organization -- creating a verification network -- in order to increase transparency while simultaneously strengthening the imminency standard among nations. Creating more verifiable international security relations would lessen the need for preemptive, anticipatory self-defense postures such as the Bush Doctrine did in response to Iraqi stonewalling. R. Rodriguez