“Smart objects” connected to the “Internet of Things” present new possibilities for technological surveillance. This network of smart devices also poses a new challenge for a Fourth Amendment built around “effects.” The constitutional language protecting “persons, houses, papers, and effects” from unreasonable searches and seizures must confront this change. This Article addresses how a Fourth Amendment built on old-fashioned “effects” can address a new world where things are no longer just inactive, static objects, but objects that create and communicate data with other things.



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